DoiT BigQuery Lens (BQ Lens) helps you gain insights of your Google Cloud BigQuery usage and optimize your query performance.
- Cloud Analytics
Before you begin
BigQuery Lens needs specific permissions at the organization level.
BigQuery Lens will set up an audit log sink for your BigQuery jobs.
The BigQuery historical jobs are backfilled for the last 30 days.
Set up BigQuery Lens
To set up BigQuery Lens:
Connect your Google Cloud Organization to the DoiT Platform, if you haven't done so.
Update your service account to grant the permissions required by BigQuery Lens and optionally, BigQuery Lens Advanced.
For BigQuery Lens Advanced, you also need to enable Google Cloud Resource Manager API, which manages metadata for Google Cloud Platform resource containers:
Log in to the Google Cloud console, go to the Cloud Resource Manager API page.
Select the project where you create your service account.
Once the BigQuery Lens is set up, the DoiT Platform will start gathering information about your Google Cloud BigQuery usage patterns and populating the dashboard with statistics and recommendations.
BigQuery Lens dashboard
The BigQuery Lens dashboard consists of widgets that highlight different aspects of your usage.
Time range: Adjusts the time frame of the data you're looking at. Options: Last 30 days, Last 7 days, and Last day.
Usage type (available only if you have Flat-Rate covered usage): Selects the BigQuery projects based on their pricing model. Options: On-Demand, Flat-Rate.
Except BigQuery Spend by SKU, all other widgets on the BigQuery Lens dashboard are updated daily at 01:00 AM UTC.
The Recommendations widget shows actionable insights to BigQuery optimizations in accordance with the Usage type. You can select each individual recommendation to see the details.
Backup and remove unused tables: This recommendation applies to both usage types. It lists the unused tables that you can back up and then remove from BigQuery to reduce storage costs.
Below is an example:
Projectcolumn shows the billing project. See Project and Billing project.
Select a table name in the
Tablecolumn to open it in your Google Cloud BigQuery console.
If the table has multiple partitions, select the number in the
Partition(s) to Removecolumn to see which partitions should be removed.
You can also download the full list as a CSV file.
Cluster your tables optimally: Cluster tables using the suggested
Cluster Byfields. This action helps to eliminate unnecessary scans.
Enforce Partition Fields: Use the suggested
Partition Fieldin queries indicated by the
Limit query jobs: Reduce execution frequency of the listed jobs in the
Query IDcolumn by the percentage you choose on the slider and view the
Savings by Reducing Jobs.
Partition your tables: Use the suggested
Partition Fieldsto convert non-partitioned tables to partitioned ones. BigQuery Lens does not give recommendations for tables that are already partitioned.
- Move repeating queries to a different time slot: Lower your minimum average slots requirements by moving the recurring queries to a less-busy hour of the day. Review the Slots Consumption widget with the interval set to
Hourto identify suitable hours. Troughs in your daily slots consumption indicate optimal hours to run recurring queries.
Use the Explore widget to get granular information about your BigQuery usage. You can select individual entries to drill down into the data.
The metrics available vary with the scope and usage type.
|On-Demand||Billing Project, User||Scan Price, Scan TB|
|On-Demand||Project, Dataset, Table||Scan Price, Scan TB, Storage Price, Storage TB|
|Flat-Rate||Billing Project, User||Average Slots|
|Flat-Rate||Project, Dataset, Table||Storage Price, Storage TB|
Below is an example to view the scan price of a chosen user. You can also select the individual queries run by the user to view it.
Project and Billing project
The Project contains the data that is queried during the job. It's called data project in the BigQuery audit logs overview.
The Billing project is the project that runs the query. It is the project where you create your service account.
The example below shows where you can find the billing project in the Google Cloud BigQuery console.
"Not yet allocated" items
BigQuery Lens may not be able to detect which table is being scanned due to the following reasons:
- Queries like
- Queries we are unable to parse due to complexity (i.e., a parser time out)
- Queries that use a function or statement that we do not support yet
In such cases, you'll see
Not yet allocated items in the BigQuery Lens Explorer widget.
Shows the number of slots consumed by your organization in terms of Peak usage and Average usage per Hour or Day.
The example below shows the slots assumption when the usage type is set to Flat-Rate.
Scans by table type
This widget shows the volume of data you are scanning from various types of tables, broken down between unpartitioned tables and multiple types of partitioned tables, along with external sources (e.g., Google Sheets).
Select a table type to see the most frequently scanned tables of that type.
BigQuery spend by SKU
This widget shows the BigQuery costs breakdown per SKU.
You can select the three dots menu (⋮) in the upper-right corner of the widget for two additional options;
Refresh: By default, the BigQuery Spend by SKU widget is updated twice per day. Use the Refresh option to fetch the latest billing data from Google.Note
The information shown in the widget is when the DoiT Platform retrieves the billing data, while the freshness of the data is decided by Google Cloud's frequency of data loads.
Open full report: Opens the report that generates the visualization in this widget.
Why does BigQuery Lens Advanced need extra permissions?
The BigQuery Lens Advanced feature needs extra permissions to get advanced clustering recommendations and fetch BigQuery reservations information to enable flat-rate mode when applicable:
bigquery.tables.getData: To query table data, identify the top 20 non-clustered tables, and determine the suitable fields and the most efficient order for clustering the tables. This permission helps us identify the cardinality of the columns referenced in the
WHEREclause (i.e., the columns that can be clustered on). Knowing how many distinct elements exist in each column allows us to compute the average chunk size and determine the best savings candidates.
bigquery.reservations.list: To query the INFORMATION_SCHEMA.RESERVATIONS view for a list of all current reservations in a project.
bigquery.reservationAssignments.list: To query the INFORMATION_SCHEMA.ASSIGNMENTS view for all reservation assignments in a project.
BigQuery Lens Advanced provides recommendations based on the following assumptions:
- You'll continue to execute similar queries as you did in the previous 30 days, and
- You'll reference fields in the order that we recommend.
What datasets and sinks do you create?
We create the following dataset and sink in your billing project:
A dataset named
An audit log sink named
<Billing_Project_ID>.doitintl-cmp-bq.cloudaudit_googleapis_com_data_accessfor all your BigQuery jobs.
What queries do you run?
BigQuery Lens has two main processes: a table discovery process to collect table metadata, and a dashboard update process to run queries.
The table discovery process runs on a schedule and writes the table metadata it collected into a table named
The dashboard update process executes the following queries:
- Daily run of cost simulation queries to provide the cost savings information and potential savings.
- Daily run of lens calculation queries to provide detailed BigQuery usage.
How much does BigQuery Lens cost?
BigQuery Lens creates and maintains the
doitintl-cmp-bq dataset on your behalf and runs queries to provide you with analytics data. The cost for running the queries is usually around $10 per month.
It is worth mentioning that the actual cost depends on the volume of your logs. If your organization uses BigQuery heavily, the cost could be much higher if you are using BigQuery's on-demand analysis pricing model.
If you have an excess of historical jobs, you may see an increased cost for BigQuery Streaming Inserts when we backfill them for the last 30 days during your service account setup.
Read our blog series on BigQuery Optimizations.
Learn more about The BigQuery Autoscaling Public Preview Rundown (DoiT Edition).
Check out our on-demand events.